Day Care Centers
In 1974, Israel's population began to shift from a very young composition to an older composition—a transition that caught Israel’s social service system unprepared. A national assessment of the challenges facing the country brought about a realization of the urgent need for community-based services for this rapidly growing older adult population. One of the key services developed by Eshel at this time was day centers for older adults, which became a central component of the national system of community-based care. The vast majority (97%) of Israel’s aging population lives in the community, making day care centers essential.
There is a need to ensure that older adults can continue to live in their own homes and receive the physical and emotional support they require.
Day care centers are one of the central services for older adults in the community. The model was first piloted in the 1950s - today 174 day centers exist nationwide. Centers operate five day per week from 7:30am – 2pm, and provide socio-cultural activities, personal-care services, meals, and professional therapeutic services – all under one roof.
Day care centers are part of the basket of services offered to older adults eligible under the Community Long-term Care Insurance (CLTCI) Law. Since the mid-1990s, the service has developed at an accelerated pace as centers can offer solutions to the social needs of older adults and relieve the burden on families of caregiving. Two meals are provided each day, along with nursing care, case management, and assistance with daily self-care activities. Members are also encouraged to attend exercise classes – which help both the body and the spirit. Transportation is arranged for those who do not have any other means of transportation. In addition, members enjoy a wide variety of activities at the center, stimulating their minds and motor skills. Activities include interactive games, arts and crafts, music, gardening, discussion groups, and lectures.
- Increase in alertness, activeness, social interaction and cognitive stimulation
- Included and integrated into the community
- Participates in activities
- Preserve independence and autonomy
- Respite for caregivers
- Improve health for optimal physical and cognitive functional ability
Ministry of Welfare, National Insurance Institute, Local NGOs